How to deal with various injuries while outdoor riding?
In outdoor sports, injury is the most common thing, and outdoor riding is no exception. However, do you know a thing or two about how to deal with wounds? It doesn’t matter if you don’t understand this knowledge, then follow me to the uplifting posture~
1. Knee injury
There are nothing more than two reasons for knee injuries: one is overwork injury: on the one hand, it may be caused by too long riding time, on the other hand, it may be caused by physical incoordination during riding. The second is that the knees get cold in cold weather.
1.Apply ice to the knee for about 20 minutes;
2.If the pain point is in front of the knee, raise the seat cushion by 2~3mm. If the pain point is behind the knee, lower the seat cushion
by 2~3mm. When climbing hills, the muscles are often used alternately in sitting or standing positions.
3.Keep your knees warm. It is recommended to wear knee pads or long pants when riding, especially when the temperature is low.
2. Waist pain
For novices or riders who have not been first time riding a bike for a long time, it is normal to feel low back pain, but it is more uncomfortable that sometimes such pain extends to the legs.
Pay attention to exercise these parts when training. The more you ride, the tougher your back muscles will be. A high-quality double shock-absorbing bicycle can also help reduce waist pain.
3. Neck pain
Usually, if you stretch your neck for a long time, your neck muscles will become tired and sore.
1.Adhere to the correct riding posture-do not hold the handlebar too tightly, sink your elbows and shoulders, relax the whole body, and ensure flexible upper body movement.
2.Frequently massage the neck muscles. If the pain persists, you can find a chiropractor to massage the bone.
4. Skin abrasions
Skin abrasions are generally caused by other conditions, such as excessive riding speed, inattention, and failure of the brakes.
The most basic treatment is to clean the wound with a medical disinfectant swab and red syrup. To keep the wound clean, wear looser clothes. According to different bruises, tetanus vaccine is sometimes given.
5. Skin inflammation
The friction between the skin or clothing, as well as contact with pollen in the air, may cause skin inflammation.
1.Pay attention to personal hygiene, and carry out antibacterial treatment on the body and skin.
2.Before departure, use petroleum jelly and tea tree oil to wipe the easily inflamed parts for lubrication and protective treatment.
3.When choosing clothes, long-sleeved ones are better. Choosing professional cycling clothes will also reduce skin friction. If the weather is warmer, wear thinner and looser clothes.
Male riders usually ignore the problem of sunburn. In fact, the skin is easily sunburned (inflammation, damage, etc.) when exposed to strong ultraviolet rays for a long time.
1.Put on sunscreen: apply sunscreen on exposed parts of the body before departure, such as face, nose, arms, arms, neck, ears, bare legs and other parts.
2.Wear leg sleeves and arm sleeves on the legs and arms.
3.Calamine liquid and ice cubes can help alleviate sunburn. Use a good quality lotion to relieve symptoms and keep the sunburned area moist.
4.If there is a scar, be sure to cover it with clothes and other things.
This problem mostly occurs between the legs. It is caused by the skin and epidermis breakage caused by the friction between the skin and the seat cushion, and sometimes it is caused by ingrown hair. These boils can easily become purulent after being infected by sweat.
1.Buy high-quality cycling shorts. Good-quality cycling shorts usually have less friction on the skin.
2.After riding, put on clean, dry clothes immediately after showering.
3.If you have acne, after the acne matures, cut it open, squeeze out the pus, and then disinfect it. At the same time, use hot wax to remove the hair on the infected area to prevent the acne from getting worse. However, it is generally neither hygienic nor safe to handle it by yourself. It is recommended to go to the hospital.
8. Eye injuries
Why is it important to wear cycling glasses when riding? Of course it is to avoid some things from hurting the eyes, such as sunlight, insects, plants, dust, gravel mud, etc.
1.Wear cycling glasses; (you can buy glasses with replacement lenses or glasses that automatically adjust to the light).
2.If the mud splashes around, you can’t just wear glasses, and you need to turn your face to one side to prevent the mud from getting into your eyes.
If there is a fracture, it is generally a serious riding accident. Although this is accidental, it is better to know more about the situation and be prepared for it.
1.If you are able to treat the wound yourself, first treat the wound yourself first: cover the wound with a clean cloth, and then tie it up to prevent blood from flowing out of the wound; then use a bandage or splint to fix the injured part.
2.Calmly seek medical treatment; if you are waiting for rescue, be careful not to subject the wound to external force. If you want to know more about dealing with fractures, you can poke the “related reading” below.
10. Severe rib pain
This sharp, sudden pain in the ribs is caused by injury when the diaphragm is pulled up from under the ribs.
1.Warm up before exercise.
2.When riding a bicycle, do not hunch back on the handlebars, straighten your back, straighten your chest, and allow enough space for the diaphragm to move.
3.Riding speed should be within the limits of one’s ability, and the body should be able to withstand it.
11. Heat stroke
One of the big challenges facing summer riding is the venomous sun. If the human body cannot control body temperature through the perspiration mechanism, heat stroke will occur.
1.Carry the heatstroke person to a cool place inside, take off his clothes, wrap it in a sheet soaked in cold water, or put the patient in a bathtub to lower the body temperature below 38 degrees. If the patient is awake, drink saline every ten minutes to replenish water.
2.Riders can bring some cool oil, Rendan, ten drops of water and other medicines to prevent heatstroke.
3.You can choose to ride in the morning or in the evening. In hot weather, if your body can’t hold it, don’t try to do it.
Incorrect riding posture and uneven roads usually result in excessive stress on body joints and sprains.
1.Hang the limbs with a bandage to reduce swelling, reduce internal bleeding, and prevent inflammation.
2.Use anti-inflammatory ointment to apply, or use ultrasound for physical therapy or exercise therapy.
3.Gently move the injured part to help recovery, but also to avoid muscle atrophy and stiffness.
13. Pain in hands
Rugged roads, too much impact, straight arms, or holding the handlebars too tightly for a long time may cause pain in your hands (including wrists).
1.Install shock absorbers and shock rods, and wear riding gloves.
2.Remove the handle from the handlebar from time to time during riding, shake it a few times before grabbing the handlebar.
3.Grasp the handlebar with the back half of your hand, and don’t use the sensitive part between your thumb and index finger.
14. Achilles tendon
When the seat is too high, you must use your toes to pedal as hard as you can. Excessive force for a long time can cause damage to the tendons.
Adjust the height of the cushion. When riding a bicycle, the soles of your feet and ankles are at 90 degrees and try not to move. If you are traveling for a long distance, you should try to pedal with different parts of your feet to avoid excessive tension in your tendons.
15. Back pain
Due to incorrect riding posture, when you riding on rough roads, the straight spine is not cushioned, and bumps will squeeze the spine joints together, thereby aggravating back pain.
Choose a bike of the right size and correct your riding posture. When riding, your back should be arched, hip joints and shoulders should not collapse, so bumps will cause your back to arch slightly, which is harmless.
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